The first is older people, those over 40, especially those who are overweight, should be careful about getting diabetes. The survey found that more than half of people over the age of 50 are diabetic or in a pre-diabetic state.
Secondly, people with a family history of diabetes. If parents, children, siblings, aunts, aunts, uncles and Cousins have diabetes, especially more than one diabetic patient, this kind of people are at high risk and need regular physical examination.
There are also women who have given birth to giant babies (in this case, babies weighing more than 4kg at birth) and who have had gestational diabetes. If there is no timely intervention postpartum, more than one third will progress to diabetes.
Then there are the people who are relatively rich. The current measures are body mass index and waist circumference. Formula: body mass index = weight (kg)/height (m) 2, more than 24 is overweight, more than 28 is obese. If overweight above the figure, the male waist more than 90cm, the female waist more than 85cm is called central obesity. They also have a much higher risk of developing diabetes.
And then finally, the metabolic syndrome, which is the current concern, is a person who has multiple metabolic abnormalities. Generally speaking, there are seven kinds of high blood glucose, high blood pressure, high blood lipid, high body weight, including overweight and obesity, high uric acid and non-alcoholic fatty liver, all of which can lead to increased blood viscosity, hyperinsulinemia -- insulin resistance, and thus more prone to atherosclerosis. If three of these seven are high, we can say that they are metabolic syndrome. Such people are at high risk of diabetes even if their blood sugar is not high.
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